How To Write The Discussion Chapter Of Your Dissertation

Discussion and finding sections are some of the most rewarding sections of a dissertation. This is a platform to tell the reader what you have done in your research. The results and discussions are the fourth chapters in almost every dissertation. The findings part aims to highlight the results of your own work instead of using other sources to support the arguments. But, in the discussion section of the fourth chapter, the researcher again seeks help from others’ work to strengthen the results. This article is a guide for writing the Discussion and Findings chapter for beginners to get help from it.

A Brief Structure Of A Dissertation

In general, a bachelor’s or master’s level dissertation has the following five chapters;

A brief structure of the dissertation
Chapter 1: Introduction Use previous knowledge and literature to introduce the problem statement
Chapter 2: Literature Review Use secondary sources of information to address the research questions
Chapter 3: Methods used (lists of protocol) Give a list of research protocols you have used.
Chapter 4: Findings and discussion Analyse the data you gathered and draw practical consequences out of it.

Use previously reported findings to highlight the significance of your work.

Chapter 5: Conclusion Conclude your work

Add future perspectives to increase the validity of your research.

Appendix A place of giving details for the recipes and graphs you used in the dissertation


Few Important Points Of Writing Results And Findings Section Of A Dissertations

After estimating the relations between the dependent and independent variables in the analysis part of chapter 4, you can go for the findings section. In the findings section, you have a chance to establish a link between the results and objectives of a dissertation. The easiest way of writing a finding section is to describe the relations between the variables you introduced in the hypothesis section.

For example

Suppose, The hypotheses of your research work are;

H1: The low dose group (250 mg/kg of the extract) will show a significantly higher rate of nerve regeneration than the control group.

H2; The high dose group (500 mg/kg of the extract) will show a significantly higher rate of nerve regeneration than the control group.

H3:The oral intake of the extract of Azadirachta indica leaves in low (250 mg/kg) or high (500mg/kg) groups will show no significant difference in the nerve regeneration rate.

In the findings sections, you need to prove these hypotheses in the light of your own analysis.

Hence, you need to convert the hypothesis into a fact in the finding sections. Like;

In the current research, the oral intake of Azadirachta indica in the low dose group enhanced the nerve regeneration rate in adult albino mice on the 14th day of the dose. Similarly, this research suggests that the rate of nerve regeneration was also enhanced in the high-dose group on the 13th day of the experiment. But, in the control group, such recovery was seen on the 18th day of the experiment. Hence, these findings suggest that in AI treated groups, the recovery rate was significantly high. Moreover, there was no significant difference found in the recovery rate of the Low and High dose groups.

Tips For Writing The Findings Of The Dissertation?

  1. Use the past tense to write the findings sections of your dissertation.
  2. There is no hard and fast rule for writing the findings sections. The structure of the finding section may vary in different disciplines.
  3. The findings section demands to state the findings relevant to the hypothesis and research questions of the study.
  4. In the findings section, you can use graphs and tables containing your results.
  5. The content in the finding sections depends on the type of research (qualitative or quantitative research).

After stating the findings in the fourth chapter of a dissertation, the next step is to discuss the findings.  The discussion is the argumentative part of your dissertation. Here, you have to compare current research findings with the findings of other renowned researchers. You can include both supporting and opposing results from previous work. Using the reported findings that oppose your findings needs a reason for contrasting results. If you cannot work on the reasoning, you can hire dissertation writing services in the UK.

Discussion Section

The main purposes of the discussion section are as follows;

  • To highlight the importance of your results
  • To answer the research questions
  • A way to justify the scientific approach
  • To critically evaluate the study under-consideration
  • It also enhances the researcher’s knowledge bank about the previous findings in a relevant subject.

Some Tips For Writing Discussion Section

  • Use present tenses to relate your findings with the previous one.
  • Try to establish a systematic link between finding the literature cited in the dissertation’s second chapter.
  • Some people start their discussion by making a rough outline. This is a different approach to writing this part. In this approach, the author often establishes an argument and then uses this argument to support his findings.
  • The outline making practice helps you map the exact location of your finding in the discussion section.
  • In the discussion section, you have to deal with two types of situations;
  • Previous findings may support your findings
  • Previous findings may not support your findings
  • In the later one, the possible reason for why there is a contrast between the findings of this study and the previous studies is necessary.
  • Try to maintain the logical flow in the discussion sections of the dissertation.

Critical Thinking As An Essential Of  A Dissertation

In every academic writing work, critical thinking skills are necessary to enhance the quality of work.

Hence, critical thinking is also an essential part of a dissertation’s discussion and findings sections. It asks you to give your own opinion about the findings of the current studies. Yet, while writing discussions, the proper interpretation of the findings by using evidence is an essential tip.

Speculation in writing the Discussion section;   

Speculation decreases the research credibility of the students. Hence, every student must avoid it. In this section, you only need to use the current findings with the hypothesis and research questions. Hence, speculation is a hurdle in the path of achieving this aim.

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