What Caused E-Waste in India an What are its Effects?

Electronic waste or you can also say e-waste in India is created when electrical equipment is broken or expired. Newer types of electronics replace older ones because technology changes rapidly. This increases electronic trash, especially in India.

People prefer modern electronics over outdated ones. Which causes e-waste difficulties in India. India must cope with e-waste and its problems. E-waste facts:

  • People around the world threw 53.6 MT of electronics in 2019, which is 20% more than they did in 2014. But only 17.4% is recycled in an environmentally friendly way.


  • India creates about 3 MT of e-waste every year, which makes it the third-largest producer of e-waste. Reports say that it could reach 5 million tonnes by the year 2021.


  • People have to stay inside and use their devices because of COVID-19. This shows that people are using electronics more and more.

Generation of E-Waste in India

The electronics industry has one of the fastest-growing waste streams because of the rapid growth in technology. . This stream of trash includes things like:

There are toxic materials in refrigerators, washing machines, computers and printers, TVs, cell phones, iPods, and other electronic devices.

More than 95% of India’s e-waste is processed by “kabadiwalas” or “raddiwalas.” They work illegally without any wages and collect waste from different areas. India’s e-waste legislation from 2016 hasn’t altered much.

Have a look at some interesting stats on E-waste

  • Ten states generate 70% of the E-Waste made in the country.


  • More than 60% of India’s E-Waste comes from 65 cities.


  • The cities that make the most E-Waste are Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Pune, Surat, and Nagpur, in that order.


  • 70% of India’s electronic waste comes from the government, public, and private (industrial) sectors.


  • 15% of the money came from individual households.


  • The rest comes from the people who make them.

The Impact of E-Waste in India

When electronics are no longer needed or wanted, they should be thrown away carefully because they contain toxic materials. Because e-waste that isn’t thrown away correctly ends up in landfills or other places where it shouldn’t be. Which of the following poses serious risks to public health right now and could hurt ecosystems for generations to come?

When electronics are thrown away in the wrong way, they end up in landfills. Which later releases toxic chemicals that hurt the air, soil, water, and, in the end, human health. Let’s take a look at some of the worst things that could happen.

1. Negative Effects on Air

When electronic waste is thrown away in a way that is against the law, like by shredding or melting it, dust particles or toxins like dioxins are released into the environment. This makes the air dirty and hurts people’s lungs. When we burn e-waste, it gives off tiny particles that can travel thousands of miles and hurt people and animals in many ways. People are more likely to get chronic diseases and cancers because of this.

Gold and silver are often taken out of well-made electronics by using acids, desoldering, and other chemical processes. In places where recycling isn’t regulated well, these chemicals also give off fumes. People who work with e-waste are most likely to get sick from the pollution in the air caused by recycling without a permit. But the pollution can spread thousands of miles away from the recycling sites.

2. Effects that are bad for the soil

When people throw away e-waste in the wrong way, either in regular landfills or in places where it is dumped illegally. Heavy metals and flame retardants can seep directly from the e-waste into the soil, contaminating groundwater or crops that may be grown nearby or in the area in the future. When heavy metals get into the ground, crops are more likely to soak up these toxins, which can make people sick.

Due to their size and weight, big e-waste particles readily re-deposit on the ground and contaminate the soil. Temperature, soil type, pH levels, and soil composition affect soil contamination. These contaminants can linger in the soil and harm microorganisms and plants. Animals that rely on nature for survival will eat impacted plants, producing internal health problems.

3. Effects that are bad for water

When old electronics end up in the soil, heavy metals like mercury, lithium, lead, and barium leak through the soil and into the groundwater. When heavy metals get into the groundwater, they end up in lakes, rivers, streams, and ponds. Through these paths, the water gets more acidic and poisonous, which is bad for animals, plants, and people. Even if they don’t live close to a place to recycle. Finding clean water to drink is getting harder.

Also, acidification can kill marine and freshwater organisms, hurt biodiversity, and harm ecosystems. If acidification gets into the water supply, it can hurt ecosystems so much that it may be hard or even impossible for them to get better.

4. The Negative Effects on Humans

Mercury, lead, cadmium, polybrominated flame retardants, barium, and lithium are all bad for human health and can be found in electronic waste. When these poisons get into a person’s body, they can hurt their brain, heart, liver, kidneys, and bones.

It can also have a big effect on the body’s nervous system and reproductive system, making people sick and causing birth defects in babies. Getting rid of e-waste in the wrong way is so bad for the environment that it is important to get the word out about this growing problem and its harmful effects.

Final Words

Electronic waste is anything with a plug or battery that has been thrown away. Without giving a thought we throw electronic waste in the trash which later leads to a great cause of e-waste in India and impacts our environment. It contains dangerous and toxic materials, like mercury, that can be very bad for the health of people and the environment. Because the long-term effects of e-waste are still unknown, people tend to forget about it.

We need to take important steps to reduce e-waste if we want to keep diseases from spreading and protect the environment. We can do this by using an app like Upyogya, which lets you share or sell your old electronics with other people and help protect the environment.

Kaynak : antalya haber

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